You searched for: холокост в Балте

холокост в Балте

| Displaying results 31-40 of 1261 for "холокост в Балте" |

  • Mobile Killing Squads

    Article

    Mobile Killing Squads After the German army invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, a new stage in the Holocaust began. Under cover of war and confident of victory, the Germans turned from the forced emigration and imprisonment of Jews to mass murder. Special action squads, or Einsatzgruppen, made up of Nazi (SS) units and police, moved with speed on the heels of the advancing German army. Their job was to kill any Jews they could find in the occupied Soviet territory. Some residents of the occupied…

    Mobile Killing Squads
  • Collaboration (Abridged Article)

    Article

    Collaborators committed some of the worst atrocities of the Holocaust era. Antisemitism, nationalism, ethnic hatred, anti-communism, and opportunism led many citizens of nations occupied by Germany to collaborate with the Nazi regime in the annihilation of the European Jews. Germany's Axis partners cooperated with the Nazi regime by enforcing anti-Jewish legislation. In Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Bulgaria, and Vichy France, local police, military, and other officials were vital to the deportation of Jews…

  • Evidence from the Holocaust at the First Nuremberg Trial

    Article

    Prosecutors before the IMT based the case against 22 leading Nazi officials primarily on thousands of documents written by the Germans themselves. Learn more.

    Evidence from the Holocaust at the First Nuremberg Trial
  • United States and the Holocaust (Abridged Article)

    Article

    During World War II, rescue of Jews and other victims of the Nazis was not a priority for the United States government. Due in part to antisemitism (prejudice against or hatred of Jews), isolationism, the economic Depression, and xenophobia (prejudice against or fear of foreigners), American policy made it difficult for refugees to obtain entry visas to the United States. The US State Department also delayed publicizing reports of genocide. In August 1942, the State Department received a cable revealing…

  • The Order Police

    Article

    The Order Police (Ordnungspolizei, Orpo) were Nazi Germany’s uniformed police forces.  They became perpetrators of horrific crimes and played a significant role in the Holocaust.

    The Order Police
  • Women during the Holocaust (Abridged Article)

    Article

    The Nazi regime frequently subjected women, both Jewish and non-Jewish, to brutal persecution that was sometimes unique to the gender of the victims. Certain individual camps and certain areas within concentration camps were designated specifically for female prisoners. In May 1939, the SS opened Ravensbrück, the largest Nazi concentration camp established for women. Over 100,000 women had been incarcerated in Ravensbrück by the time Soviet troops liberated the camp in 1945. Pregnant Jewish women and…

  • Displaced Persons (Abridged Article)

    Article

    After liberation, many survivors of the Holocaust who could not return home lived in displaced persons camps. Learn about the experiences of DPs after WWII.

  • Ghettos (Abridged Article)

    Article

    The term "ghetto" originated from the name of the Jewish quarter in Venice, established in 1516, in which the Venetian authorities forced the city's Jews to live. During the Holocaust, ghettos were a central step in the Nazi process of control, dehumanization, and mass murder of the Jews. Ghettos were city districts (often enclosed) in which the Germans concentrated the Jewish population and forced them to live under miserable conditions. The Germans established at least 1,000 ghettos in German-occupied…

  • Ohrdruf (Abridged Article)

    Article

    The Ohrdruf camp was a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp, and the first Nazi camp liberated by American troops. Established by the Nazis in November 1944 near the town of Gotha, Germany, Ohrdruf supplied prisoners for forced labor on railway construction. In late March 1945, the camp had a prisoner population of some 11,700, but in early April the SS evacuated almost all prisoners on death marches to Buchenwald. The SS guards killed many of the remaining prisoners who were too ill to walk. When…

  • Final Solution (Abridged Article)

    Article

    The Nazis used the term "Final Solution" to refer to their plan to annihilate the Jewish people. In its entirety, the "Final Solution" called for the murder of all European Jews by gassing, shooting, and other means. Six million Jewish men, women, and children were killed during the Holocaust—two-thirds of the Jews living in Europe before World War II. The genocide or mass destruction of the Jews was the culmination of a decade of increasingly severe discriminatory measures. After the September 1939…

Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.