• International Military Tribunal

    Series

    Browse a series of articles about the establishment of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg and the larger context of postwar trials.

  • North Africa

    Series

    Learn about North Africa's Jewish communities; WWII military campaigns in North Africa; Vichy's introduction of race laws; and networks of labor camps in North Africa.

  • Killing Centers

    Series

    To carry out the "Final Solution," the Nazis established killing centers in German-annexed and occupied Poland. Learn more about these killing centers, also referred to as extermination camps or death camps.

  • Ghettos

    Series

    The creation of ghettos was a key step in the Nazi process of brutally separating, persecuting, and ultimately destroying Europe's Jews during the Holocaust. Learn more.

  • Kovno

    Article

    In July- August 1941, German occupation officials concentrated about 35,000 Jews in the Kovno ghetto. The ghetto was officially sealed on August 15, 1941.

    Kovno
  • Nazi Rule

    Series

    The Nazis took control of the police and turned Germany into a dictatorship; implemented a racist ideology; and carried out brutal policies across annexed and occupied Europe. Learn more.

  • Auschwitz Subcamps

    Series

    The Auschwitz camp complex had more than 40 subcamps that brutally exploited prisoner labor. Learn more about these subcamps, including Althammer, Blechhammer, Budy, and Fürstengrube.

  • Auschwitz

    Series

    Learn more about the Auschwitz camp complex in German-occupied Poland. More than 1.1 million people died at Auschwitz, including nearly one million Jews.

  • Theresienstadt

    Series

    Learn about the Theresienstadt camp/ghetto, which served multiple purposes from 1941-45 and had an important propaganda function for the Germans.

  • Flight and Rescue

    Article

    Explore the story of over 2,000 Polish Jewish refugees who fled east to escape war-torn Europe. They sought safety in such distant places as China and Japan.

    Flight and Rescue

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