Approximately 42,000 Jews were killed during Operation "Harvest Festival" (Aktion "Erntefest"), which began at dawn on November 3, 1943.
Persecution of Jews and other groups was not solely the result of measures originating with Hitler and other Nazi zealots. Nazi leaders required the active help or cooperation of professionals working in diverse fields who in many instances were not convinced Nazis. The police played a vital role in the consolidation of Nazi power and persecution and mass murder of Jews and other groups.
The German military participated in many aspects of the Holocaust: supporting Adolf Hitler, using forced labor, and murdering Jews and other groups targeted by the Nazis.
The “Great Depression” is the term used for a severe economic recession which began in the United States in 1929. It had far-reaching effects around the globe, especially in Europe. Many factors, including World War I and its aftermath, set the stage for this economic disaster.
The law is one way to seek justice after genocide. After World War II, international, domestic, and military courts conducted trials of accused war criminals. Unfortunately, many perpetrators of Nazi-era crimes have never been tried or punished. Trials continue today, but in many cases, perpetrators simply returned to their normal lives and professions in society.
A key part of Nazi ideology was to define the enemy and those who posed a threat to the so-called “Aryan” race. Nazi propaganda was essential in promoting the myth of the “national community” and identifying who should be excluded. Jews were considered the main enemy.
Under Adolf Hitler's leadership and imbued with his racially motivated ideology, the Nazi regime was responsible for the mass murder of 6 million Jews and millions of other victims.
Established in 1938, the German Armed Forces High Command was theoretically a unified military command controlling Germany’s air force, navy, and army. In reality, the establishment of the High Command allowed Adolf Hitler to consolidate power as commander-in-chief of the German military.
The Nazis frequently used propaganda to disguise their political aims and deceive the German and international public. They depicted Germany as the victim of Allied and Jewish aggression to hide their true ideological goals and to justify war and violence against innocent civilians.
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