Fritz Sauckel (1894–1946) was Plenipotentiary General for the Deployment of Labor. Sauckel was responsible for providing forced laborers to meet Germany's increasing war production needs. Under his authority, the Germans deported millions of forced laborers from the occupied territories to Germany.
He was found guilty on counts three and four (war crimes and crimes against humanity) at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. He was sentenced to death. Sauckel was hanged on October 16, 1946.
Critical Thinking Questions
- Beyond the verdicts, what impact did the trials have?
- Besides military participants, what other professionals were charged with crimes in the wake of the Holocaust?
- How have some professional codes of conduct changed after the Holocaust?