African-American soldiers pose next to an oven in the crematorium of the Ebensee concentration camp.
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Afro-Germans during the Holocaust

Although the Nazis did not have an organized program to eliminate African Germans, many of them were persecuted, as were other people of African descent. Some Black people in Germany and German-occupied territories were isolated; an unknown number were sterilized, incarcerated or murdered.

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Explore the ID Cards to learn more about personal experiences during the Holocaust

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How and why was the Holocaust possible?

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