<p>The defendants rise as the judges enter the courtroom at the <a href="/narrative/9366/en">International Military Tribunal</a> trial of war criminals at Nuremberg.</p>

Hans Frank

In the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust, the world was faced with a challenge—how to hold individually accountable those German leaders who were responsible for the commission of monstrous crimes against humanity and international peace. The International Military Tribunal (IMT) held in Nuremberg, Germany, attempted to face this immense challenge. On October 18, 1945, the chief prosecutors of the IMT brought charges against 24 leading German officials, among them Hans Frank.

Hans Frank (1900–1946) was an early supporter of the Nazi Party. He studied law and eventually became personal legal advisor to Adolf Hitler. After the outbreak of World War II, Frank was appointed Governor General of occupied Poland. In this capacity, Frank was responsible for the exploitation and murder of hundreds of thousands of Polish civilians, as well as the deportation and murder of Polish Jews.

Frank was found guilty on counts three and four (war crimes and crimes against humanity) and sentenced to death. He was executed on October 16, 1946.

Defendant Hans Frank, former Governor General of occupied Poland, in his cell at the Nuremberg prison.

Defendant Hans Frank, former Governor General of occupied Poland, in his cell at the Nuremberg prison. - National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD