<p>The <a href="/narrative/9934/en">accused</a> and their defense attorneys in the courtroom during the <a href="/narrative/9366/en">International Military Tribunal</a>. Nuremberg, Germany. </p>

Wilhelm Frick

In the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust, the world was faced with a challenge—how to hold individually accountable those German leaders who were responsible for the commission of monstrous crimes against humanity and international peace. The International Military Tribunal (IMT) held in Nuremberg, Germany, attempted to face this immense challenge. On October 18, 1945, the chief prosecutors of the IMT brought charges against 24 leading German officials, among them Wilhelm Frick.

Wilhelm Frick (1877–1946) was Reich Minister of the Interior from 1933 to 1943 and Reich Protector for Bohemia and Moravia from 1943 to 1945. In the decisive first years of the Nazi dictatorship, Frick directed legislation that removed Jews from public life, abolished political parties, and sent political dissidents to concentration camps.

Frick was found guilty on counts two, three, and four (crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity) and sentenced to death. He was executed on October 16, 1946.

Defendant Wilhelm Frick in his prison cell at Nuremberg.

Defendant Wilhelm Frick in his prison cell at Nuremberg. - National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD