Series: Roma (Gypsies)

Roma were among the groups of people singled out for persecution by the Nazi regime and its Axis partners. Nazi authorities subjected Romani people to arbitrary internment, forced labor, and mass murder. They used Nazi racial ideology to justify the persecution of Roma, pejoratively referred to in German as Zigeuner (“Gypsy”). Browse this series of articles to better understand Romani history; the history of discrimination against Roma in Europe; and how and why the Nazi regime committed genocide against European Roma during World War II.

Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies, Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation, the Claims Conference, EVZ, and BMF for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of donor acknowledgement.