After World War II ended, the Allies established courts in each of their occupied zones in Germany to prosecute German officials for their role in the commission of war crimes, crimes against peace, and crimes against humanity. American military tribunals in Nuremberg, Germany, presided over 12 major proceedings against leading German industrialists, military figures, SS perpetrators, and others. Included among these Subsequent Nuremberg Trials was the Hostage Case.
United States v. Wilhelm List, et al.
The US Military Government for Germany created Military Tribunal V on June 28, 1947, to try the Hostage Case, whose 12 defendants had been indicted on 10 May. This was Case #7 of the Subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings.
The trial got its name from the issue it dealt with. The four counts charged the defendants with committing war crimes and crimes against humanity through:
After the arraignment on July 8, 1947, the trial opened on July 15, 1947. It closed on February 9, 1948, with only ten defendants. Franz Boehme had committed suicide between the indictment and the arraignment. The case of Maximilian von Weichs was discontinued because his physical disability prevented him from standing trial.
On February 19 the Tribunal returned its judgment, finding eight of the defendants guilty of at least one count, and acquitting the other two. It returned its sentences the same day, sending two of the guilty defendants to prison for life, and the other six to prison terms ranging from seven to twenty years.