Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics
Find articles, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically
Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust
Explore the ID Cards to learn more about personal experiences during the Holocaust
Nazi propaganda photo depicts friendship between an "Aryan" and a black woman. The caption states: "The result! A loss of racial pride." Germany, prewar.
African Americans were among the liberators of the Buchenwald concentration camp. William Scott, seen here during training, was a military photographer and helped document Nazi crimes in the camp. Alabama, United States, March 1943.
African American soldier Warren Capers was recommended for a Silver Star for his actions during the Allied invasion of France. He and his medical detachment aided more than 330 soldiers. France, August 18, 1944.
Members of the 12th Armored Division, which included African American platoons, await their orders. Germany, April 1945.
African American soldiers of the US Army escort German civilians through a site where camp prisoners were massacred during a death march from Buchenwald. Such tours forced Germans to recognize the crimes committed by the SS. Near Nammering, Germany, 1945.
American troops, including African American soldiers from the Headquarters and Service Company of the 183rd Engineer Combat Battalion, 8th Corps, US 3rd Army, view corpses stacked behind the crematorium during an inspection tour of the Buchenwald concentration camp. Among those pictured is Leon Bass (the soldier third from left). Buchenwald, Germany, April 17, 1945.
Two survivors prepare food outside the barracks. The man on the right is presumed to be Jean (Johnny) Voste, born in Belgian Congo, who was the only Black prisoner in Dachau. Dachau, Germany, May 1945.
This image is among the commonly reproduced and distributed images of liberation. These photographs provided powerful documentation of the crimes of the Nazi era.
Propaganda illustration from a Nazi film strip. The caption states, in German: "The Jew is a bastard." The illustration links Jews with others the Nazis deemed inferior—eastern peoples, blacks, Mongols, and east Africans.
A US soldier on an inspection tour of Buchenwald poses for a photograph beside a wagon laden with corpses. The soldier is probably a member of the Headquarters and Service Company, 183rd Engineer Combat Battalion, 8th Corps, US 3rd Army, which arrived at Buchenwald on April 17, 1945, several days after the camp's liberation.
We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing
work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia.
View the list of all donors.