Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics
Find articles, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically
Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust
Explore the ID Cards to learn more about personal experiences during the Holocaust
Polish citizens hanged by the Nazis in Sosnowiec. Poland, wartime.
A Polish town in ruins after six years of war and German occupation. Poland, 1945.
Polish and Russian forced laborers shot by the SS after they had collapsed from exhaustion during a death march. Wisenfeld, Germany, April 26, 1945.
Polish babies, chosen for their "Aryan" features, to be adopted and raised as ethnic Germans. Poland, 1941–1943.
German officers examine Polish children to determine whether they qualify as "Aryan." Poland, wartime.
SS doctors examine Polish children judged "racially valuable" for adoption by Germans. Poland, October 1942.
Polish partisans are hanged by the Nazis. Rovno, Poland, 1942.
Photograph of Julian Noga, a Polish prisoner (marked with an identifying patch bearing a "P" for Pole) imprisoned in the Flossenbürg concentration camp. Germany, between August 1942 and April 1945.
A Nazi decree issued in October 1941, in German and Polish, warns that Jews leaving the ghetto, or Poles who aid them, will be executed. Czestochowa, Poland.
Polish forced laborers construct a highway in Germany. Place uncertain, 1941.
German soldiers lead blindfolded Polish hostages to an execution site. Olkusz, Poland, July 16, 1940.
The Sigismund Monument stands amid rubble in the Polish capital after Germany's Blitzkrieg assault. Warsaw, Poland, 1939.
German tanks pass a reviewing stand during a victory parade following the German defeat of Poland. Warsaw, Poland, October 5, 1939.
A Polish town lies in ruins following the German invasion of Poland, which began on September 1, 1939.
German forces and Polish civilians on the outskirts of Warsaw. In the background of the photograph, the city burns as a result of the German military assault. Warsaw, Poland, September 1939.
German soldiers expel Polish inhabitants from the Zamosc area. Poland, 1942-1943.
We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia.
View the list of all donors.