Prewar photo of the extended Kracowski family

Prewar photo of the extended Kracowski family

The Kracowski family was living in Bialystok when German Order Police Battalion 309 killed 2,000-3,000 Jews on June 27, 1941. Dr. Samuel Kracowski was among the hundreds of Jews locked in the Great Synagogue and burned alive. After the Germans ordered the establishment of a ghetto in Bialystok, Samuel's wife, Esther, and children, Ewa and Julek, were given a room in the ghetto clinic. Photo dated September 1, 1935.

Samuel and Esther are seated in the center, with Julek seated in the front row on the right. Ewa is on the far right, standing.  


  • US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Ewa Kracowska
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