Israel C.

(English translation) ISRAEL C.: I saw, I saw one thing. I'm going to talk about my studies. I didn't see any future. I didn't see any future because I knew that once I finished - it was one year before the war started - the day I finished I wouldn't have access to anything, not university, not a job, nothing, absolutely nothing. My only option is to emigrate. And to emigrate, without means - because I had no means - without means it was a difficult thing. So I had no future at all. We were an element, a sector…a sector of the population that was totally and completely discriminated. INTERVIEWER: How did you perceive it personally? ISRAEL C.: Personally I only saw it in daily life. I saw it on the trains. When I traveled, there were Polish passengers and when … I looked … I honestly looked 100 percent Polish when I was younger. They didn't bother me, but I saw that they bothered other passengers. And my father who had a beard was scared to get off in Warsaw to go to his daughter's house. He was scared because the Poles… attacked him. There was a group of Poles that were very, very…very nationalistic, very antisemitic that given any opportunity would attack him and wouldn't leave him alone.

La transcripción completa

Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.