November 2018 marks the centenary of the end of World War I (1914–18), the first great international conflict of the twentieth century. After almost 100 years of relative peace, the major European nations went into a war that left millions dead, empires toppled, and a continent devastated. The conflict and its divisive peace left a legacy that helped give rise to totalitarian ideologies, like Communism, Fascism, and Nazism, and paved the way for World War II and the Holocaust.
During the conflict in Bosnia from 1992 to 1995, an estimated 100,000 people were killed. Approximately 80 percent of the civilians killed were Bosnian Muslims, known as Bosniaks.
The Nazi regime persecuted a variety of different groups on ideological grounds. Although Jews were the primary targets for systematic persecution and mass murder by the Nazis and their collaborators, Nazi policies brutalized and persecuted millions of others. Nazi policies towards all the victim groups were brutal, but not identical.
Beginning in 1979, the Office of Special Investigations (OSI) opened hundreds of investigations and initiated proceedings of Nazi war criminals. These investigations lead to the denaturalization and/or removal of more than 100 Nazi offenders from the United States.Despite initial predictions that its work would soon be finished, OSI has been active for over 25 years.
We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.