American novelist Ernest Hemingway on safari, ca. 1933. In 1933, Nazi students at more than 30 German universities pillaged libraries in search of books they considered to be "un-German." Among the literary and political writings they threw into the flames were the works of Ernest Hemingway.
Hitler during a triumphal tour of the Sudetenland following the Munich agreement of September 1938. The agreement ceded the largely German-speaking Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia to Germany. Eger, Czechoslovakia, October 3, 1938.
Eugen Bolz, a member of the Catholic opposition to Hitler, during his trial before the People's Court. He was arrested following the attempt to kill Hitler in July 1944 and was executed at Berlin's Ploetzensee prison on January 23, 1945.
Crematorium oven used in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Photograph taken after the liberation of teh camp. Bergen-Belsen, Germany, April 28, 1945.
Jewish refugees from Germany and Austria arrive at the port of Shanghai. China, 1938–1939.
Deportation of the Jews of Würzburg. Germany, 1942.
Deportation of German Jews from Hanau to Theresienstadt. Hanau, Germany, May 30, 1942.
Deportation of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto during the uprising. This photo was taken secretly from a building adjacent to the ghetto by a Polish member of the resistance. Warsaw, Poland, April 1943.
Jewish refugees, part of Brihah—the postwar flight of Jews—in line at a relief center. They are en route to the Allied occupation zones in Germany and Austria. Nachod, Czechoslovakia, 1946.
Jewish refugees, part of the Brihah movement (the postwar westward mass flight of Jews from eastern Europe), sleep on a crowded floor on the way to displaced persons camps in the American occupation zone. Seltz, Germany, 1947.
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