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Displaying results 1-10 of 6330 for ""

  • Blood Libel
    Article

    Blood Libel

    The term blood libel refers to the false allegation that Jews used the blood of non-Jewish, usually Christian children, for ritual purposes. The Nazis made effective use of the blood libel to demonize Jews, with Julius Steicher's newspaper Der Stürmer making frequent use of ritual murder imagery in its antisemitic propaganda.

  • The Oneg Shabbat Archive
    Article

    The Oneg Shabbat Archive

    The Oneg Shabbat underground archive was the secret archive of the Warsaw ghetto. The term Oneg Shabbat, which refers to the traditional Sabbath gathering of members of the community, was applied to the underground archive because its organizers held their regular, clandestine meetings on the Sabbath.

  • Children's Aid Society (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants)
    Article

    Children's Aid Society (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants)

    Founded in Russia in 1912 by Jewish doctors and intellectuals, the Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants (Society for Assistance to Children; OSE) had a history of providing aid to Jewish families in need. During World War II, it operated fourteen children's homes throughout France to save Jewish children from internment and deportation to killing centers.

  • Kloster Indersdorf Displaced Persons Camp
    Article

    Kloster Indersdorf Displaced Persons Camp

    For the Jews who survived the Holocaust, the end of World War II brought new challenges. Many could not or would not return to their former homelands, and options for legal immigration were limited. In spite of these difficulties, these Jewish survivors sought to rebuild their shattered lives by creating flourishing communities in displaced persons camps in Germany, Austria, and Italy. In an unparalleled six-year period between 1945 and 1951, European Jewish life was reborn in camps such as Kloster Indersdorf. 

  • The Rwanda Genocide
    Article

    The Rwanda Genocide

    Genocides have continued to occur since the Holocaust. This was the case, for example, in Rwanda in 1994. Over a period of 100 days, from April to July 1994, as many as one million people, mostly Tutsis, were massacred. This occurred when an extremist-led Hutu government launched a plan to wipe out Rwanda’s entire Tutsi minority and any others who opposed its policies.

  • Article

    Sonderkommandos

    The Sonderkommandos were groups of Jewish prisoners forced to perform a variety of duties in the gas chambers and crematoria of the Nazi camp system. They worked primarily in the Nazi killing centers, such as Auschwitz, but they were also used at other killing sites to dispose of the corpses of victims.

  • Jewish Losses during the Holocaust: By Country
    Article
  • Article

    Berga-Elster ("Schwalbe V")

    Millions of people suffered and died in camps, ghettos, and other sites during the Holocaust. The Nazis and their allies oversaw more than 44,000 camps, ghettos, and other sites of detention, persecution, forced labor, and murder. Among them was the Berga-Elster subcamp of Buchenwald.

  • Oranienburg
    Article

    Oranienburg

    Millions of people suffered and died in camps, ghettos, and other sites during the Holocaust. The Nazis and their allies oversaw more than 44,000 camps, ghettos, and other sites of detention, persecution, forced labor, and murder. Among them was the Oranienburg camp. 

  • Article

    Columbia-Haus

    Millions of people suffered and died in camps, ghettos, and other sites during the Holocaust. The Nazis and their allies oversaw more than 44,000 camps, ghettos, and other sites of detention, persecution, forced labor, and murder. Among them was Columbia-Haus.

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