<p><strong>March 19, 1906</strong><br /><a href="/narrative/10832/en">Adolf Eichmann</a> is born in Solingen, Germany.</p>
<p><strong>1914</strong><br />Eichmann and his family move to Linz, Austria.</p>
<p><strong>1925</strong><br />Eichmann works in the sales division of the Upper Austrian Electrical Construction Company.</p>
<p><strong>1927-1933</strong><br />Eichmann works as a traveling salesman for the Vacuum Oil Company in Upper Austria.</p>
<p><strong>1932</strong><br />Eichmann enters the Austrian National Socialist (Nazi) Party and the SS at the suggestion of an acquaintance, <a href="/narrative/9855/en">Ernst Kaltenbrunner</a>.</p>
<p><strong>January, 30, 1933</strong><br /><a href="/narrative/43/en">Adolf Hitler</a>, Führer of the Nazi Party, is appointed Chancellor of Germany.</p>
<p><strong>January 1933-August 1934</strong><br />The <a href="/narrative/4135/en">Nazis consolidate virtually absolute power</a> in the German state, culminating in Hitler proclaiming himself Führer of the German nation.</p>
<p><strong>August 1933</strong><br />After the Austrian government began to crack down on the Austrian Nazi Party in June 1933, Eichmann leaves Austria for Germany, where he joins the “Austrian Legion” and engages in military training.</p>
<p><strong>1934</strong><br />Eichmann joins the Security Service Main Office (<em>Sicherheitsdienst </em>(SD)<em> Hauptamt</em>) with the rank of SS-<em>Scharführer</em> (Sergeant).</p>
<p><strong>1937</strong><br />Eichmann negotiates with Zionist functionaries and makes an inspection tour of Palestine after he is assigned to a section of the SD dealing with Zionist activities.</p>
<p><strong>March 11-13, 1938</strong><br />Germany incorporates <a href="/narrative/5815/en">Austria</a> in the <em>Anschluss</em>.</p>
<p><strong>August 20, 1938</strong><br />The Central Office for Jewish Emigration (<em>Zentralstelle für jüdische Auswanderung</em>), an agency Eichmann had designed after the Anschluss, officially opens in <a href="/narrative/6000/en">Vienna</a>.</p>
<p><strong>September 1, 1939</strong><br />Germany <a href="/narrative/2103/en">invades Poland</a>, starting <a href="/narrative/2388/en">World War II</a>.</p>
<p><strong>Summer 1939</strong><br />Eichmann becomes responsible for promoting the expulsion of Czech Jews from the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and creates a Central Office for Jewish Emigration in Prague.</p>
<p><strong>September 1939</strong><br />SS  Chief and Chief of German Police <a href="/narrative/10813/en">Heinrich Himmler</a> establishes the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA), the agency which Hitler will entrust with coordinating the annihilation of the European Jews.</p>
<p><strong>October 1939</strong><br />Eichmann leads the Reich-wide Reich Central Office for Jewish Emigration in Berlin (<em>Reichzentrale für jüdische Auswanderung</em>).</p>
<p><strong>1940</strong><br />Eichmann becomes director of Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) section IV D 4 “Emigration and Evacuation” and in October organizes the deportation of nearly 7,000 Jews from Baden and Saarpfalz to areas of unoccupied <a href="/narrative/4997/en">France</a>.</p>
<p><strong>January-December 1941</strong><br />Hitler, Himmler, <a href="/narrative/10812/en">Reinhard Heydrich</a> and other top personnel reach the decision to physically annihilate the Jews of Europe.</p>
<p><strong>March 1941</strong><br />Eichmann becomes director of RSHA section IV B 4 (Jewish Affairs, or <em>Judenreferat</em>). From this position, Eichmann plays a central role in the <a href="/narrative/5041/en">deportation</a> of over 1.5 million Jews from all over Europe to <a href="/narrative/2746/en">killing centers</a> and killing sites.</p>
<p><strong>June 22, 1941</strong><br />Nazi Germany <a href="/narrative/2972/en">invades the Soviet Union</a>. SS and police authorities, supported by the military and by local auxiliaries, begin to systematically shoot Soviet Jews.</p>
<p><strong>Autumn 1941</strong><br />Eichmann is appointed SS-<em>Obersturmbannführer</em> (Lieutenant Colonel) and takes part in discussions in which Nazi leaders plan the annihilation of the European Jews.</p>
<p><strong>October 15, 1941-February 1942</strong><br />Eichmann's Section IV B 4 coordinates the deportation of tens of thousands of Jews from the so-called Greater German Reich to <a href="/narrative/286/en">ghettos</a> and killing sites in the German-occupied Soviet Union.</p>
<p><strong>January 20, 1942</strong><br />Reinhard Heydrich convenes the <a href="/narrative/6692/en">Wannsee Conference</a>, presenting his plans to coordinate a European-wide “Final Solution of the Jewish Question” to key officials from Reich Ministries and the Nazi Party. Eichmann, who attends the conference and prepares Heydrich's briefing papers, will play a key role in the implementation of this “<a href="/narrative/2816/en">Final Solution</a>.”</p>
<p><strong>1942-1943</strong><br />Eichmann and his aides organize the deportation of Jews from the so-called Greater German Reich, <a href="/narrative/10724/en">Slovakia</a>, the <a href="/narrative/5566/en">Netherlands</a>, <a href="/narrative/4997/en">France</a>, <a href="/narrative/5505/en">Belgium</a>, and <a href="/narrative/6153/en">Croatia</a> to <a href="/narrative/10731/en">killing centers</a> in German-occupied Poland, primarily <a href="/narrative/3673/en">Auschwitz-Birkenau</a>.</p>
<p><strong>1943-1944</strong><br />Eichmann and his aides organize the deportation of Jews from <a href="/narrative/4964/en">Greece</a>, northern <a href="/narrative/5174/en">Italy</a>, and <a href="/narrative/6229/en">Hungary</a>, primarily to the killing center Auschwitz-Birkenau.</p>
<p><strong>April 30, 1945</strong><br />Hitler commits suicide.</p>
<p><strong>May 7, 1945</strong><br />Nazi Germany signs a document of surrender.</p>
<p><strong>1946</strong><br />Eichmann escapes from US custody and flees to Argentina with the assistance of some Vatican officials.</p>
<p><strong>1960</strong><br />Agents of the Israeli Security Service (<em>Mossad</em>) abduct Eichmann and bring him to Israel to stand trial.</p>
<p><strong>December 15, 1961</strong><br />Eichmann is found guilty of crimes against the Jewish people.</p>
<p><strong>May 31/ June 1, 1962</strong><br />Eichmann is hanged at midnight between May 31 and June 1, 1962.</p>
<p> </p>


Adolf Eichmann

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