<p>A woman mourns by the coffins of Jews who died in the <a href="/narrative/11504/en">Kielce</a> pogrom. Poland, July 6, 1946.</p>



The southeastern Polish town of Kielce was the site of a postwar  massacre of Jews on July 4, 1946.

The mass violence of the Kielce pogrom drew on an entrenched local history of antisemitism–especially false allegations accusing Jews of using the blood of Christian children for ritual purposes (a charge known as a “blood libel”)–with the intent of discouraging the return of Jewish Holocaust survivors to Poland.