After World War II ended, the Allies established courts in each of their occupied zones in Germany to prosecute German officials for their role in the commission of war crimes, crimes against peace, and crimes against humanity. American military tribunals in Nuremberg, Germany, presided over 12 major proceedings against leading German industrialists, military figures, SS perpetrators, and others. Included among these Subsequent Nuremberg Trials was the High Command Case.
United States v. Wilhelm von Leeb, et al.
The 14 defendants, formerly all leading command or staff officers in the German armed forces, had been indicted on November 28 in a four-count indictment. They were charged with:
After the arraignment on 30 December, the trial ran from February 5, 1948, until August 13, finishing with only 13 defendants, after Johannes Blaskowitz committed suicide on the first day of the trial. The judgment was delivered on October 27 and 28, with the tribunal finding all the defendants not guilty of crimes against peace (counts one and four), but only two not guilty on counts two and three. The sentences were announced on October 28, with two defendants sent to prison for life, and the other nine guilty defendants receiving prison terms ranging from 3 to 20 years.