Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics
Find articles, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically
Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust
Explore the ID Cards to learn more about personal experiences during the Holocaust
Shoshane Varmel Levy and her son, Jules, wearing the compulsory yellow badge, on a street in Antwerp. Belgium, June 1942.
The Bishop of Namur visits a Catholic home for boys, where ten or more of the boys were known to be Jewish. Dinant, Belgium, March-June 1944.
Father Bruno with Jewish children he hid from the Germans. Yad Vashem recognized Father Bruno as "Righteous Among the Nations." Belgium, wartime.
Portrait of Mother Superior Alfonse, who hid Jewish children from the Nazis in the Dominican Convent of Lubbeek near Hasselt. Yad Vashem recognized her as Righteous Among the Nations. Belgium, wartime
Six Jewish girls hidden from the Nazis at the Dominican Convent of Lubbeek near Hasselt. Belgium, between October 1942 and October 1944.
Older children who helped to run the school at the Colonie des Enfants au Grand Air. Three of the boys are Jewish youth who were hidden during the war. Liege, Belgium, between 1942 and 1944.
The Anciaux family with Annie and Charles Klein (front), Jewish children whom they sheltered during the war. Brussels, Belgium, between 1943 and 1945.
Carle Enelow and Yettanda Stewart (born Charles and Annie Klein) were Jewish siblings who were hidden during the war by the family of Emile Anciaux, a Belgian Catholic. Charles and Annie's parents were deported from Mechelen (Malines) to Auschwitz, where they were murdered (their father on October 31, 1942, and their mother on January 15, 1944). After the war the Klein children were taken to a Jewish orphanage in Brussels.
A Jewish child, Jacky Borzykowski, with the priest who placed him in hiding on a farm. Belgium, 1943.
View of the courtyard in the Breendonk fortress prison where prisoners lined up for roll call. Breendonk, Belgium, postwar.
This image is taken from a series of snapshots sold on the site after the end of World War II.
A postwar photograph of the Breendonk internment camp in Belgium.
In August 1940, the Germans, who had occupied Belgium in May of that year, turned the fortress into a detention camp.
Three SS officers at the Breendonk internment camp: from left, First Lieutenant Hans Kantschuster, Master Sergeant Walter Mueller, and Second Lieutenant Artur Prauss. Breendonk, Belgium, between 1940 and 1944.
A sign outside the Breendonk transit camp warning that trespassers will be shot. Breendonk, Belgium, 1940-1944.
Entrance to the Breendonk internment camp. Breendonk, Belgium, 1940-1944.
Mimi Anciaux (left) and Annie Klein. The Anciaux family sheltered Annie and her brother Charles during the war. Brussels, Belgium, 1945.
We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing
work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia.
View the list of all donors.