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Street scene in the Jewish quarter of Paris before World War II and the Holocaust. Paris, France, 1933–39.
French General Charles de Gaulle and resistance leader Georges Bidault confer before marching down the Champs-Elysees to Notre Dame in ceremonies marking the liberation of the French capital. Paris, France, August 1944.
During the battle to liberate the French capital, a barricade is hastily built near the cathedral of Notre Dame. Paris, France, August 1944.
French partisans patrol an unidentified town. France, 1944–45.
Barracks in the quarry camp of the Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp. Natzweiler, France, after April 7, 1945.
This multistory complex served as the Drancy transit camp. The overwhelming majority of Jews deported from France were held here prior to their deportation. Drancy, France, 1941–44.
Roundup of Jews. Paris, France, ca. 1942.
A group of Jewish women in Paris. They are wearing the required yellow badges. Paris, France, June 8, 1942.
In German-occupied Paris, the fence around a children's public playground bears a sign forbidding entrance to Jews. Paris, France, November 1942.
Identification card of Berthe Levy Cahen, issued by the French police in Lyon, stamped "Juif" ("Jew"). France, August 7, 1942.
"Aryanization" in France: this shop, belonging to Jews, has been given to a non-Jewish "temporary administrator." Paris, April 1942.
French government announcement concerning antisemitic legislation. Paris, France, December 10, 1941.
Lion Feuchtwanger (1884–1958), German-Jewish novelist, playwright, essayist, during his internment in the Les Milles camp. Les Milles, France, 1940.
View of the Gurs camp as photographed from a water tower. Gurs, France, ca. 1941.
Deportation of German Jews to France, where Vichy officials would intern them in the Gurs camp (in southwestern France). Gailingen, Germany, October 1940.
French leader Charles de Gaulle in London after France signed an armistice with Germany on June 22, 1940. De Gaulle refused to accept the armistice and led the Free France resistance movement. London, Great Britain, June 25, 1940.
Ruined buildings in a French town destroyed by German forces during the Western Campaign. France, May-June 1940.
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