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German forces occupied Riga in early July 1941. Here, war damage to Riga's city hall is shown by blackened areas around the building's windows. Riga, Latvia, August 1941.
Jewish families with bundles of belongings during deportation from the Kovno ghetto in Lithuania to Riga in neighboring Latvia. Kovno, Lithuania, 1942.
Jews from the Riga ghetto on the "Aryan" side of Riga. Some groups of Jews were taken outside the ghetto for forced labor. Riga, Latvia, between 1941 and 1943.
Jews from the Riga ghetto arrive at their forced-labor assignment in the Luftwaffe (German air force) field clothing depot. Riga, Latvia, 1942.
Entrance to the Riga ghetto. Riga, Latvia, 1941–43.
During the Holocaust, the creation of ghettos was a key step in the Nazi process of separating, persecuting, and ultimately destroying Europe's Jews.
Entrance gate to the Riga ghetto. This photograph was taken from outside the ghetto fence. Riga, Latvia, 1941-1943.
A sign, in both German and Latvian, warning that people attempting to cross the fence or to contact inhabitants of the Riga ghetto will be shot. Riga, Latvia, 1941–43.
Deportation of Jews to Riga, Latvia. Bielefeld, Germany, December 13, 1941.
Deportation of Jews from Bielefeld in Germany to Riga in Latvia. Bielefeld, Germany, December 13, 1941.
14-year-old Sara Bialovadska, imprisoned in the Kaiserwald concentration camp near Riga. Latvia, 1943.
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