German forces occupied Riga, Latvia in July 1941. Soon after, they established a ghetto in the city. German Einsatzgruppen and Latvian auxiliaries murdered thousands of Riga's Jews in shootings. Over three days in November and December 1941 alone, at least 26,000 of Riga's Jews were shot in a forest. By the city's liberation in 1944, almost all of the Jews in Riga had been killed.
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