Oral History

Anita Magnus Frank describes hiding in the Netherlands

When the war began, Anita and her family lived in Breda, the Netherlands. With the 1940 German occupation, they went into hiding and took on new names that shielded their Jewish identity. Anita and her brother first were hidden in a non-Jewish neighbor's home, and later by a Quaker family near Utrecht. Anita, her parents, brother, and two sisters survived the war.


Critical Thinking Questions

How do oral histories differ from other primary sources such as artifacts, documents, and photographs? What can we learn from different types of primary sources?

What other source materials might be helpful to provide more historical context for this eyewitness testimony? What aspects of the history might these other source materials help reveal?

What was the context of the Holocaust and World War II at the time of the events Anita describes?

Explore the Museum's website and Collections to learn more about children's experiences of hiding during the Holocaust.


  • US Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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