Oral History

Max Karl Liebmann describes arrival at and conditions in the Gurs camp

Because he was Jewish, Max could not join the army when World War II began. Instead, he had to perform labor service. In October 1940, Max and his mother were deported to the Gurs camp in France. In Gurs, Max met his future wife, Hanne. In 1941, with the help of the Children's Aid Society (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants; OSE), Hanne left the camp. Max followed in July 1942. He escaped to Switzerland through the French Alps and was in internment and refugee camps throughout the war. Hanne reached Switzerland in 1943. Max and Hanne married in 1945 and immigrated to the United States in 1948.



  • US Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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