"The Three Musketeers." Three school friends, in the Lodz ghetto. [LCID: roth2]

"The Three Musketeers"

Photograph of "The Three Musketeers" —three school friends in the Lodz ghetto. Left: Lola Tenenbaum Rapoport, who survived with her husband. Center: Niusia Friedman, who was killed in Auschwitz. Lola sent this photo to Blanka Rothschild from Australia. Blanka (right) says "It's my only memento of the ghetto."

With the end of World War II and collapse of the Nazi regime, survivors of the Holocaust faced the daunting task of rebuilding their lives. With little in the way of financial resources and few, if any, surviving family members, most eventually emigrated from Europe to start their lives again. Between 1945 and 1952, more than 80,000 Holocaust survivors immigrated to the United States. Blanka was one of them.

Critical Thinking Questions

Why are photographs like this one important historical evidence?

What more would you want to learn about this photograph and the people in it?

What was happening during the Holocaust and World War II at the time this photo was taken?


  • Courtesy of Blanka Rothschild

Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.