Browse articles about the Olympic Games held in Berlin in 1936, debates over the morality of participation in Games hosted by the Nazi regime, the choices facing African American athletes, and the role of Nazi propaganda.
Browse articles describing key themes related to the end of the Holocaust: the liberation of Nazi camps, challenges facing survivors, establishment of displaced persons camps, efforts to seek justice in war crimes trials, and some of the postwar developments in understanding the concept of genocide.
Browse articles about some of the Allied military campaigns in western Europe during World War II, including D-Day and the Rhine crossings.
Browse articles and media highlighting American women from a wide range of roles and their activities or experiences during the Holocaust: First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins, Jazz musician Valaida Snow, and US Army nurse Pat Lynch.
The story of Anne Frank is among the most well-known of the six million Jews who died in the Holocaust. Browse a series of resources about Anne Frank and about the experiences of children during the Holocaust.
The Nazi Party gained popularity in 1930s Germany in part by presenting Jewish people as the source of a variety of political, social, economic, and ethical problems facing the German people. Browse articles about the history and causes of antisemitism (hatred of Jews) and its role in Nazi ideology.
Browse a series of articles about the Auschwitz camp complex in German-occupied Poland.
Browse a series of articles about some of the subcamps of the Auschwitz camp complex in German-occupied Poland.
Browse a series of articles about an album of photographs chronicling SS officers' activities at Auschwitz-Birkenau. These rare images show Nazis singing, hunting, and even trimming a Christmas tree.
Browse a series of articles about the establishment of the Bergen-Belsen camp as a camp for prisoners of war, key dates in its existence as a concentration camp in the Nazi camp system, the liberation of the camp, and the establishment of a displaced persons camp near the site of the former concentration camp.
Explore a series of articles about the plight of children during the Holocaust, including experiences in hiding. Children were especially vulnerable to Nazi persecution. As many as 1.5 million Jewish children alone were murdered or died at the hands of Nazi officials or their collaborators.
Browse a series of articles related to the creation and administration of concentration camps during the 1930s and 1940s. Learn about how the camps functioned and the conditions camp prisoners experienced over the course of the Holocaust.
From 1933 to 1945, Nazi Germany carried out a campaign to "cleanse" German society of individuals viewed as biological threats to the nation's "health." Browse a series of articles about the measures known as racial hygiene or eugenics, the role of medical professionals in Nazi Germany, postwar trials, and subsequent developments in medical ethics such as the Nuremberg Code.
Explore a series of articles about diaries and journals kept during the Holocaust. Each diary reflects a fragment of its author's life. These records bear witness to some of the most heart-breaking experiences of the Holocaust. They also document the fear, loss, trauma, and sometimes even the hope felt by human beings facing extreme peril.
Browse a series of articles about the role of the German military and some of its leaders during the Holocaust and World War II.
Browse articles about the German police and the Nazi state. Learn about the role police played in German society before and after the rise of the Nazis. Read about how the Nazis transformed the German police; combined the police and the SS; and created different types of police forces for different purposes. These types of forces included a uniformed police force, a detective force, and a secret political police force.
Browse a series of articles describing the establishment and types of ghettos, key places in the Nazi process of brutally separating, persecuting, and ultimately destroying Europe's Jews. Explore the range of resistance activities that took place within the ghettos.
Holocaust denial is any attempt to negate the established facts of the Nazi genocide of European Jews. The articles in this series explain what Holocaust denial is and why it is dangerous; what evidence serves as conclusive proof of the Holocaust; what the origins of Holocaust denial are; and what Holocaust denial is.
Browse a series of articles about the establishment of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg and the larger context of postwar trials. Explore a range of topics including the construction of the courtroom itself, the defendants, the charges, the sentences, and the mass of evidence used during the proceedings.
In the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust, the world was faced with a challenge—how to hold individually accountable those German leaders who were responsible for the commission of monstrous crimes against humanity and international peace. The International Military Tribunal (IMT) held in Nuremberg, Germany, attempted to face this immense challenge. On October 18, 1945, the chief prosecutors of the IMT brought charges against 24 leading German officials.
Browse articles about the Sephardic Jewish community of Monastir, historically the largest Jewish community in Macedonia. Learn about a rare collection of photographs that captures a unique view of a Jewish community on the eve of its destruction during the Holocaust.
We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.