<p>Members of the orchestra at the Janowska concentration camp perform while standing in a circle around the conductor in the <em>Appelplatz</em> [roll call area]. Pictured at the right, in the light uniform, is camp commandant Warzok Franz.</p>
<p>The Janowska orchestra included some of the leading Jewish musicians in Lvov, among them violinist Leonid Stricks and cellist Leon Eber. The SS forced the orchestra to perform during selections and actions and even "commissioned" a special composition to be played on these occasions. Entitled "Todestango" [Tango of Death], the piece was composed by a former director of the Lvov opera. The music was based on an earlier work by Eduardo Bianco.</p>
<p>In 1943, the members of the orchestra were shot to death by their overseers while playing their instruments.</p>



Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.