Hans Vogel and his family fled Paris following the German invasion. They eventually received papers allowing them to immigrate to the United States. During this time, Hans kept a diary that contains postcards, hand-drawn maps, and other illustrations of their flight. This page describes the voyage on board the Nyassa to the United States.
Hans was born in Cologne, Germany, in 1929. The family left Germany in 1936, settling in Paris. They remained there until the outbreak of World War II. Hans's father, Simon, was interned by the French as an enemy alien at Lisieux, and later Gurs. When invading German forces reached Paris, the Vogel family fled south. Upon Simon's release from Gurs, the family reunited and settled in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, in the unoccupied zone of France, near the Spanish border. They remained there from June 1940 until April 1941, when they received papers from the United States Consulate allowing them to immigrate. They arrived in New York via Lisbon on the steamer Nyassa in August 1941. Sadly Hans Vogel died at the age of 16 from an illness in 1943.
We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.