Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics
Find articles, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically
Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust
Explore the ID Cards to learn more about personal experiences during the Holocaust
Two young brothers, seated for a family photograph in the Kovno ghetto. One month later, they were deported to the Majdanek camp. Kovno, Lithuania, February 1944.
Pictured are Avram (5 years) and Emanuel Rosenthal (2 years). Emanuel was born in the Kovno ghetto. The children, who were deported in the March 1944 "Children's Action," did not survive. Their uncle, Shraga Wainer, who had asked George Kadish to take this photograph, received a copy of it from the photographer after the war in the Landsberg displaced persons camp.
View of the furnaces remaining in the Majdanek camp by the time of liberation. The Germans had attempted to destroy the building as Soviet forces advanced in 1944. Majdanek, Poland, after July 22, 1944.
Remains of inmates in front of a crematorium at the Majdanek camp. Poland, after July 22, 1944.
View of watchtower and fence at the Majdanek camp, after liberation. Poland, after July 22, 1944.
Post-liberation view of a crematorium at the Majdanek camp. Majdanek, Poland, after July 22, 1944.
Charred remains of corpses near crematoria in the Majdanek camp, after liberation. Poland, after July 22, 1944.
A wartime aerial view of the Majdanek camp outside Lublin.
Zyklon B pellets found at the liberation of the Majdanek camp. Poland, after July 1944.
A crematorium at the Majdanek camp, outside Lublin. The photograph was taken after the Soviet liberation of Lublin/Majdanek in July 1944. Poland, date of photograph uncertain.
Interior of a gas chamber at the Majdanek camp. Majdanek, Poland, after July 24, 1944.
A section of the prisoner barracks in the Majdanek camp. Photograph taken after the liberation of the camp in July 1944. Poland, date uncertain.
Soviet prisoners of war, survivors of the Majdanek camp, at the camp's liberation. Poland, July 1944.
Second only to the Jews, Soviet prisoners of war were the largest group of victims of Nazi racial policy.
View of Majdanek camp from a nearby village. The smoke could be from the burning of corpses. Poland, October 1943.
A Soviet soldier walks through a mound of victims' shoes piled outside a warehouse in Majdanek soon after the liberation. Majdanek, Poland, August 1944.
We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia.
View the list of all donors.