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German forces during the military assault on Rotterdam during the Western Campaign. Rotterdam, the Netherlands, May 1940.
Calvinist minister Gerardus Pontier and his wife, Dora Wartema, at Yad Vashem, where they were honored for hiding Jewish children in the Netherlands. Pontier and Wartema were named "Righteous Among the Nations." Jerusalem, Israel, 1968.
Eduard, Elisabeth, and Alexander Hornemann. The boys, victims of tuberculosis medical experiments at Neuengamme concentration camp, were murdered shortly before liberation. Elisabeth died of typhus in Auschwitz. The Netherlands, prewar.
View of the Vught transit camp. Vught, the Netherlands, after September 9, 1944.
Deportation from the Westerbork transit camp. Members of the Jewish police are seen in the photograph. The Netherlands, 1943–44.
Deportation of Jews from the Westerbork transit camp. The Netherlands, 1943.
Jews carry luggage to an assembly point before deportation to the Westerbork camp. This photo was taken secretly through the window of an apartment building. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, June 20, 1943.
Jews from Amsterdam shortly before their deportation to the Westerbork transit camp. The Netherlands, between May and September, 1943.
Arrival of a transport at the Westerbork camp. Westerbork, the Netherlands, October 1942.
Dutch Jews from Hooghalen during deportation to the Westerbork transit camp. The Netherlands, October 1942.
A view of the Westerbork camp, the Netherlands, between 1940 and 1945.
From 1942 to 1944 Westerbork served as a transit camp for Dutch Jews before they were deported to killing centers in German-occupied Poland.
Train station in the Westerbork camp. Westerbork, the Netherlands, between 1942 and 1944.
Members of the paramilitary organization of the Dutch Nazi Party stand in the doorway of a restaurant. The sign states "Jews are not desired." Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 1941–42.
German police round up Jews in the Jewish quarter of Amsterdam, blockaded following anti-Nazi violence. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, February 22, 1941.
Rozetta Lezer Lopesdias-Van Thyn, left, and a friend, with the compulsory Star of David on their clothing. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, May 1942-1943.
Austrian Nazi Arthur Seyss-Inquart. After the German invasion of the Netherlands in May 1940, a civil administration was installed under SS auspices. Seyss-Inquart was appointed Reich Commissar.
Jews proceed to an assembly point before deportation from Amsterdam. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, June-September 1943.
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