Oral History

Eva Brust Cooper describes hiding after her family received protective papers from Raoul Wallenberg

Eva was little affected by the war until 1944, when the Germans occupied Budapest. Eva's father was prominent in the Jewish community, and the family was able to retain their apartment in a Jewish star house (a house designated for Jews). In October Eva's parents secured protective papers from Raoul Wallenberg, but the family decided not to stay in a Swedish safe house. They hid in and near Budapest until the Soviet liberation of Budapest in 1945.


Critical Thinking Questions

How do oral histories differ from other primary sources such as artifacts, documents, and photographs? What can we learn from different types of primary sources?

What can this excerpt tell us about the pressures and motivations that may have affected individual responses?

What can this excerpt tell us about the challenges facing Jews as they sought refuge?

What was the context of the Holocaust and World War II at the time of the events Eva describes?


  • US Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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