Series: The Role of German Professionals and Civil Leaders

During the Holocaust, Nazi leaders required the active help or cooperation of professionals working in diverse fields, ranging from civil servants, lawyers, doctors, teachers, police, members of the military, business elites, to church leaders. Browse a series of articles exploring the varied roles of specific professions, fields, and businesses.

Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.