Baldur von Schirach (1907–1974) was leader of the Hitler Youth (1933–1945), and Reich Governor and Nazi party Gauleiter (district leader) in Vienna, Austria (1940–1945). In the latter position his responsibilities included deporting Jews from Vienna to ghettos and camps in occupied Poland.
Schirach was found guilty on count four (crimes against humanity) and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment. He was released in 1966.
Critical Thinking Questions
- What qualities and characteristics of leadership did von Schirach seem to have and to demonstrate? Are they positive or negative?
- How did von Schirach defend his actions and choices at the IMT?
- How do leaders of governments and organizations accused of mass atrocities rationalize their choices?