The SS first established Neuengamme in December 1938 as a subcamp of Sachsenhausen. Later, in June 1940, the SS decided to establish an independent concentration camp at Neuengamme. Prisoners of the camp were subjected to horrific living conditions, medical experiments, and forced labor. More than 50,000 people—almost half of all those imprisoned in the camp during its existence—died in Neuengamme.
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