Dezso Rozsa

Dezso Rozsa

Born: March 19, 1885

Budapest, Hungary

Dezso was from a Jewish family in Hungary's capital, Budapest. His father had been a violinist. Dezso earned a university degree in English, and became a language teacher. He wrote a number of high school grammar textbooks. In 1914 he married Iren Hajdu, who was a mathematician. The couple had two children; a daughter, Eva, born in 1918, and a son, Pal, born seven years later.

1933-39: Dezso fears for the worst now that the antisemitic Prime Minister Teleki has taken power again. Nineteen years ago, in 1920, he pushed through a law to reduce Jewish admissions to high schools and universities to 6 percent--Dezso's children have always felt pressured to earn top grades. Now Teleki and other right-wingers have passed a new law that obliges Jewish public school teachers to leave their jobs: Dezso is being forced to retire early.

1940-44: Today is Dezso's 59th birthday and Dezso and Pal went to visit Eva. Last year, in 1943, Eva was arrested as a communist and sent to prison, but she contracted tuberculosis there and was sent to a sanatorium outside Budapest. When they arrived, Eva told them the news she'd just heard--the Germans have invaded! Eva insisted Dezso and Pal leave right away, and that they take the path through the woods. She was worried that if they took the bus on the main road they might get shot by the Germans. They said goodbye and made a beeline for the woods.

Later that year, the Hungarian fascists drafted Dezso into a forced-labor unit. He died sometime before the end of the war during a forced march out of Budapest.

Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.