<p>Cartoon depicting the United States' response to the <a href="/narrative/25566">refugee crisis</a> in Europe, as well as the racism and discrimination African Americans <a href="/narrative/55653">faced at home</a>. <em>The Pittsburgh Courier</em>, April 16, 1938. Page 10.</p>
<p>Domestic concerns in the United States, including unemployment and national security, combined with prevalent antisemitism and racism, shaped America's immigration policies, responses to Nazism, and willingness to aid European Jews.</p>



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