<p>A Hanukkah party for Jewish children at the Fuerth displaced persons camp. Gifts were contributed by families of Americans stationed at the Nuremberg military post. Germany, December 9, 1947.</p>

Fürth Displaced Persons Camp

For the Jews who survived the Holocaust, the end of World War II brought new challenges. Many could not or would not return to their former homelands, and options for legal immigration were limited. In spite of these difficulties, these Jewish survivors sought to rebuild their shattered lives by creating flourishing communities in displaced persons camps in Germany, Austria, and Italy. In an unparalleled six-year period between 1945 and 1951, European Jewish life was reborn in camps such as Fürth.  

The Fürth displaced persons (DP) camp was located in the American-occupied zone of the Bamberg District in Fürth and organized from fifty requisitioned German houses. It held primarily Jewish survivors of the Holocaust.

Fürth Displaced Persons Camp Identity Card

The camp maintained a Talmud Torah (religious elementary school) and a kosher kitchen, supervised by Rabbi Spiro, which fed up to 200 persons, as well as a mikvah (Jewish ritual bath). At its peak in December 1945, the camp housed 850 Jews but by July 1949, only 76 remained.

Fürth ceased operations on July 15, 1949.

Critical Thinking Questions

  • What challenges did survivors face in the DP camps?
  • What challenges did the Allies face in establishing and supervising DP camps?
  • What responsibilities do (or should) other nations have regarding refugees from war and genocide?

Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.