Born: June 16, 1895
Pawel, a Roman Catholic, fled to Danzig, Germany, in 1914 to avoid conscription in the Russian army. Since Germany and Russia were at war, Pawel was arrested by the Germans as an enemy alien and sent to work on a farm in northern Germany. He met Anna Szachowska there, and they married in 1918. The couple moved to Warsaw where they raised 4 children. In 1930 Pawel opened a textile business.
1933-39: Despite the Depression, Pawel's business prospered and they expanded their operations. In 1938 some friends who worked in the government warned him that war with Germany was likely. When his wife Anna heard that, she began stockpiling food. On September 1, 1939, Germany attacked Poland and began bombing Warsaw. Their apartment building was close to German bombing targets so Pawel moved the family to another building.
1940-44: After things settled down, the Germans allowed Pawel to reopen his business. Most of his suppliers were located nearby in the Jewish section of the city, the very area that the Germans had enclosed as a ghetto in November 1940. The operation of the mills had been taken over by the ghetto's German administration and Pawel now depended on the ghetto for supplies. With permission to enter the ghetto, he managed to hire 2 mechanics from the ghetto, and with the help of the underground he hid 3 Jewish families.