Hungary adopts comprehensive anti-Jewish laws and measures, excluding Jews from many professions.
Hungarian racial laws passed between 1938 and 1941 were modeled on Germany’s Nuremberg Race Laws. The laws reversed the equal citizenship status granted to Jews in Hungary in 1867. Among other provisions, the laws defined “Jews” in so-called racial terms, forbade intermarriage between Jews and non-Jews, and excluded Jews from full participation in various professions. The laws also barred employment of Jews in the civil service and restricted their opportunities in economic life.