This page will not display properly in your browser. Internet Explorer officially went out of support in June 2022. If you're using a screen reader such as JAWS, please feel free to continue. Otherwise, please consider using another browser.
View all events 1933–1938

June 06, 1936

Decree on “Combating the Gypsy Plague”

This order directed authorities in Nazi Germany to enforce existing anti-Romani laws and to deport non-German Roma and Sinti. It also called for regular police raids on Romani communities and roundups of Roma and Sinti. Under this order, the authorities also rounded up non-Romani people living in a supposedly “Gypsy-like manner.” The decree targeted people according to perceptions of their behaviors and lifestyles. It also reflected Nazi racial ideology. Officials used this decree as the legal basis for opening the camps where Roma and Sinti were confined.

Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.