This page will not display properly in your browser. Internet Explorer officially went out of support in June 2022. If you're using a screen reader such as JAWS, please feel free to continue. Otherwise, please consider using another browser.
View all events 1942–1945

December 16, 1942

Himmler Orders Deportation of Roma and Sinti to Auschwitz

In December 1942, SS Leader and Chief of German Police Heinrich Himmler ordered the deportation to Auschwitz of Roma and Sinti living in Nazi Germany. Although this decree allowed for some exceptions, these were largely ignored by the police overseeing the deportations. The first group of deported Roma and Sinti arrived at the so-called “Zigeunerlager” (“Gypsy camp”) in Auschwitz-Birkenau on February 26, 1943. Unlike other areas of the camp, entire families were imprisoned together there. In August 1944, German authorities destroyed the so-called “Gypsy camp.” They murdered the remaining prisoners by gassing.

Thank you for supporting our work

We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.