During an interview with the distinguished French writer, Francois Mauriac, Elie is persuaded to write about his experiences in the death camps.
Elie Wiesel wrote a nearly 900-page account of his concentration camp years, a shortened version of which was published the next year under the title Un di velt hot geshvign (And the World Stayed Silent).
Shortly after moving to New York City to be a permanent correspondent, Elie Wiesel is struck by a taxicab.
Recovered from his injuries but still a stateless person with expired visas, Elie Wiesel naturalizes to the United States.
La Nuit (appearing in 1960 in English translation as Night) is published, and has since been translated into more than 30 languages.
Dawn is published.
Following his conviction for crimes against the Jewish people, Adolf Eichmann is executed in Jerusalem.
Elie Wiesel becomes an American citizen.
Elie Wiesel returns to Sighet and visits his childhood home.
He receives the Ingram Merill award and publishes The Town Beyond the Wall.
The Gates of the Forest and The Jews of Silence are published.
Legends of our Time, essays and stories, is published. Elie Wiesel wins the Prix Medicis.
Elie Wiesel marries Marion.
A Beggar in Jerusalem and One Generation After are published.
His son, Shlomo Elisha, is born. Elie Wiesel also serves as Distinguished Professor of Judaic Studies at the City University of New York (1972–1976).
In Rwanda, Juvenal Habyarimana comes to power in a military coup.
The Oath is published
Elie Wiesel receives the Jewish Heritage Award, Haifa University, and the Holocaust Memorial Award, New York Society of Clinical Psychologists.
Teaching was always been central to Elie Wiesel's work. Since 1976, he has been the Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities at Boston University, where he also holds the title of University Professor. He is a member of the Faculty in the Department of Religion as well as the Department of Philosophy.
Egyptian president Anwar Sadat makes the first visit by an Arab leader to Israel since the foundation of the State of Israel in 1948.
President Jimmy Carter appoints Elie Wiesel as Chairman of the President's Commission on the Holocaust.
The United States Congress, by unanimous vote, establishes the United States Holocaust Memorial Council.
Elie Wiesel receives the Prix Liber Inter, France, the S.Y. Agnon Medal, and the Jabotinsky Medal, State of Israel.
The Testament is published.
Elie Wiesel is the first Henry Luce Visiting Scholar in Humanities and Social Thought at Yale University (1982–1983).
A symbolic ground breaking ceremony is held at the site of the future United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
President Ronald Reagan presents Elie Wiesel with the US Congressional Gold Medal of Achievement.
In December, Elie Wiesel wins the Nobel Prize for Peace. Soon after, he and his wife, Marion, establish The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity, an organization to fight indifference, intolerance and injustice.
Elie Wiesel testifies at the trial of Klaus Barbie.
The United States signs the Genocide Convention.
Twilight, a novel, is published.
From the Kingdom of Memory is published.
Sages and Dreamers, Portraits and Legends from the Bible, the Talmud, and the Hasidic Tradition is published.
Elie Wiesel gives address at the opening of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The Museum opens to the public.
In response to the atrocities occurring in Bosnia, the United Nations Security Council issues resolution 827, establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague. It is the first international criminal tribunal since Nuremberg.
Extremist leaders of Rwanda’s Hutu majority launch a campaign of extermination against the country’s Tutsi minority. In October, the UN Security Council extends the mandate of the ICTY to include a separate but linked tribunal for Rwanda, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), located in Arusha, Tanzania.
All Rivers Run to the Sea is published.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda issues the world’s first conviction for genocide when Jean-Paul Akayesu is judged guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity for acts he engaged in and oversaw as mayor of the Rwandan town of Taba.
And the Sea is Never Full and King Solomon and his Magic Ring, a book for children, are published.
Elie Wiesel addresses the Days of Remembrance ceremony in the Capitol Rotunda, Washington DC, saying
"How does one mourn for six million people who died? How many candles does one light? How many prayers does one recite? Do we know how to remember the victims, their solitude, their helplessness? They left us without a trace, and we are their trace."
He is granted the rank of Grand-Croix in the French Legion of Honor, France (Commandeur, 1984; Grand Officier, 1990).
President Iliescu of Romania presents Wiesel with "The Star of Romania."
In November Wiesel addresses the Tribute to Holocaust Survivors, at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC.
In July Elie Wiesel delivers remarks “On the Atrocities in Sudan” at the Darfur Emergency Summit, convened at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York on July 14, 2004, by the American Jewish World Service and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. In September US Secretary of State Colin Powell testifies before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that "genocide has been committed in Darfur."
Elie Wiesel receives the Commander's Cross from the Republic of Hungary and delivers the Final Report of the International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania. Wiesel was chairman of the commission.
Elie Wiesel receives the Man of the Year award from the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, the Light of Truth award from the International Campaign for Tibet, and publishes The Time of the Uprooted, a novel.
Elie Wiesel travels to Auschwitz with Oprah Winfrey.
The inaugural United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Award is bestowed on Nobel laureate and Founding Museum Chairman Elie Wiesel—and renamed in his honor—for his singular role in establishing and advancing the cause of Holocaust remembrance.
Elie Wiesel died on July 2, 2016, in Manhattan, New York.
Critical Thinking Questions
- Explore the many legacies of Elie Wiesel.