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Gino Bartali was an Italian cyclist who won the Tour de France in 1938 and 1948. During World War II, he used his cycling career as a cover to aid in the rescue of Jews. Risking his life if caught, Bartali cycled far distances to deliver false identity cards and secret documents. His efforts helped save hundreds of Jews seeking refuge from other countries in Europe.
Approximately 9.5 million Jews lived in Europe in 1933, the year Hitler came to power. This number represented 1.7% of Europe's total population and more than 60 percent of the world's Jewish population. By 1945, most European Jews—2 out of every...
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