Leipheim was a displaced persons (DP) camp in the Munich district, in the American-occupied zone. The camp opened in December 1945 on the site of a former airfield.
The camp kept a Talmud Torah (religious elementary school), a mikvah (Jewish ritual bath), and a yeshiva (religious academy). Camp residents circulated the newspaper A Heim (A Home), and they even built a swimming pool.
In May 1946, the Jewish population in the camp reached 3,150, but it had decreased to 1,850 by October 1948. By June 1950, Leipheim had closed.
Series: Displaced Persons Camps
Critical Thinking Questions
- What challenges did survivors face in the DP camps?
- What challenges did the Allies face in establishing and supervising DP camps?
- What responsibilities do (or should) other nations have regarding refugees from war and genocide?