Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics
Find articles, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically
Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust
Explore the ID Cards to learn more about personal experiences during the Holocaust
Marzahn, the first internment camp for Roma (Gypsies) in the Third Reich. Germany, date uncertain.
A Romani (Gypsy) victim of Nazi medical experiments to make seawater safe to drink. Dachau concentration camp, Germany, 1944.
Serbs and Roma (Gypsies) who have been rounded up for deportation. This photograph shows them being marched to Kozare and Jasenovac, both Croatian concentration camps. Yugoslavia, July 1942.
Romani (Gypsy) women and children interned in the Rivesaltes transit camp. France, spring 1942.
Forced-labor camp for Roma (Gypsies). Lety, Czechoslovakia, wartime.
Romani (Gypsy) inmates stand at attention during an inspection of the weaving mill, site of forced labor in the Ravensbrück concentration camp. In this workshop prisoners wove reed mats used to reinforce roads in swampy regions of the eastern front. Germany, between 1941 and 1944.
This photograph is from an SS propaganda album.
Onlookers watch during the resettlement of Romani (Gypsy) families from Vienna. Austria, September–December 1939.
Austrian police round up Romani (Gypsy) families from Vienna for deportation to Poland. Austria, September-December 1939.
Romani (Gypsy) prisoners line up for roll call in the Dachau concentration camp. Germany, June 20, 1938.
Romani (Gypsy) survivors in a barracks of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp during liberation. Germany, after April 15, 1945.
We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing
work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia.
View the list of all donors.