Oral History

Helen Lebowitz Goldkind describes German humiliation of her grandfather in the Uzhgorod ghetto

In 1938-39, Hungary annexed the area of Czechoslovakia in which Helen lived. After Germany occupied Hungary in 1944, Helen and her family were deported to the Uzhgorod ghetto. As Jews, they were soon transferred to various camps, where much of the family perished. Although at times Helen was too weak to walk, she and her older sister survived Auschwitz, forced labor at a camp munitions factory, and Bergen-Belsen.



  • US Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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