Oral History

Suse Gruenbaum Schwarz describes preparation for and hiding during a Nazi raid

Suse's family moved to the Netherlands in 1933. After invading the Netherlands in 1940, the Germans imposed anti-Jewish measures. From 1942, Suse could not attend school. The family went into hiding in 1943, Suse and her mother on one farm and her father on another. Later, her father and another couple came to hide with Suse. They were liberated in 1945. Suse arrived in the United States in 1947.



  • US Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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