Oral History

Lucine Horn describes the German occupation of Lublin

Lucine was born to a Jewish family in Lublin. Her father was a court interpreter and her mother was a dentist. War began with the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939. Lucine's home was raided by German forces shortly thereafter. Soon after the German occupation of Lublin, Jews there were forced to wear a compulsory badge identifying them as Jews. A ghetto in Lublin was closed off in January 1942. Lucine survived a series of killing campaigns and deportations from the ghetto during March and April of the same year. Those who held valid labor cards were moved to a new ghetto in April 1942—the Majdan Tatarski ghetto, near the Majdanek killing center. Lucine escaped from Majdan Tatarski in November 1942, the month the Germans liquidated the ghetto. She eventually made her way to Warsaw where she first entered the ghetto and then went into hiding on the "Aryan" side.

Transcript

Now, all I saw was these mad German running around the city, and running into homes, and just grabbing everything they could. So, into our home this group of Germans came in, tore the ring and and the, uh, watch and everything they could off my mother's hands, grabbed all the things that we had, took whatever they want to, broke china, beat us up, and ran out.


  • US Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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